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Biden announces additional sanctions against Russia, more troops to Europe, amid Ukraine crisis******

AFP

US President Joe Biden takes questions after making a statement from the East Room of the White House about Ukraine crisis on February 24, 2022, in Washington, DC.

US President Joe Biden announced on Thursday additional sanctions against Russia and the deployment of more troops to Europe as conflicts in Ukraine continue to evolve.

Speaking from the East Room of the White House, Biden said the new measures will target major Russian banks, limit the country's "ability to do business in dollars, euros, pounds, and yen," and curtail Moscow's high-tech imports and its ability to upgrade the military.

The US president said he had authorized "deployment of ground and air forces stationed in Europe to the eastern flank," as well as "additional US force capabilities to deploy to Germany" as part of the response of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

"Our forces are not and will not be engaged in the conflict with Russia in Ukraine, our forces are not going to Europe to fight in Ukraine but defend our NATO allies and reassure those allies in the east," he reiterated, adding that NATO will convene a summit "tomorrow."

A senior US defense official said in a statement on Thursday afternoon that the Pentagon had ordered the deployment to Europe of approximately 7,000 additional service members and that they are expected to "depart in the coming days."

The troops, the official added, will deploy to Germany to reassure NATO allies, "deter" Russia's military operations and be prepared to support a range of requirements in the region.

Biden also addressed concerns that oil prices may further go up as a result of US sanctions against Russia.

"We've been coordinating with major oil-producing and consuming countries toward our common interest to secure global energy supplies," he said. "The United States will release additional barrels of oil as conditions warrant."

The announcement was made hours after leaders of the Group of Seven (G7) countries met virtually to coordinate their responses to Russia's military actions in Ukraine.

Biden tweeted he and his G7 counterparts had agreed to move forward on what he called "devastating packages of sanctions and other economic measures" against Russia.

Earlier on Thursday, Biden convened a meeting of the National Security Council in the White House Situation Room to discuss the latest developments in Ukraine.

Russian President Vladimir Putin authorized "a special military operation" in Donbass on Thursday and Ukraine confirmed that military targets across the country were under attack.

In a televised speech, Putin said the "plans do not include the occupation of Ukrainian territories" and that Russia is "not going to impose anything on anyone by force."

Russia's move, he explained, is in response to "fundamental threats" of NATO which has expanded to eastern Europe and brought its military infrastructure closer to Russian borders.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on Thursday that the United States and NATO have broken their commitments, continuously expanded eastward, refused to implement the new Minsk agreement, and violated the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2202.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said on Thursday that Kiev decides to sever diplomatic relations with Moscow.

650亿元!这项计划比“双一流”的投入多一倍******

原标题:650亿元!这项计划比“双一流”的投入多一倍

在“后985、后211”时代,面向世界一流大学和一流学科的“双一流”建设,计划投入达317亿元左右。但与面向职业教育的“双高”计划相比,“双一流”投入只有它的一半还不到。

4月19日,中国职业技术教育学会会长、教育部原副部长鲁昕,在华东师大举行的2019中国教育发展论坛上透露:根据《关于实施中国特色高水平高职学校和专业建设计划的意见》,这项高职版的“双一流”由教育部“领投”,带动各部委“跟投”,计划总投入高达650亿元。

前有“高职扩招百万”,本月又出“双高计划”——其中信号,你读懂了吗?如此大招,你有接住吗?

高专数量过半,学生占比不足

今年全国两会期间,李克强总理在政府工作报告中说,改革完善高职院校考试招生办法,鼓励更多应届高中毕业生和退役军人、下岗职工、农民工等报考,今年大规模扩招100万人。华东师大党委书记、国家教育宏观政策研究院院长童世骏教授表示,这意味着更为多元的人群进入高等教育阶段,加速中国高等教育普及化。同时,劳动年龄人口与新增劳动力的平均受教育年限进一步延长。

如何接招?按教育部和财政部新印发的这份《意见》,“双高计划”项目布点50所左右高水平学校建设单位和150个左右高水平专业群建设单位,每五年一个支持周期,2019年启动第一轮建设,对入选学校给予重点经费支持。

那么,中国接受职业教育尤其是高等职业教育的人群到底多不多?据教育部统计,2018年,在全国2663所普通高校中,共有高职(专科)院校1418所。全国普通专科招生368.83万人,占普通本专科人数的46.63%;全国普通专科在校生1133.70万人,占普通本专科人数的40.05%。可以说,高职(专科)院校在学校数量上的占比过半,但招生数与在读数规模的占比都不足高等教育的半数。

鲁昕举例进行国际比较:在《2018年全球竞争力报告》名列前5名的美国、瑞士、德国等国中,高中阶段职业教育比重,德国为60%,瑞士为70%;高等教育阶段的应用型高等教育,美国占78%,德国62%,瑞士80%。

作为部市共建的国家教育宏观政策研究院博导,鲁昕团队也测算出,若我国应用型高校比重达到德国水平,以2018年为例,可培养应用型的技术技能型人才总量达到514.6万,比目前40%左右的比重增加182万。

人才红利可期,投入还需加码

作为世界头号人口大国,中国人口红利消失的论调流传已久。但鲁昕个人认为,从数量型红利到质量型红利,她对第二次人口红利极其乐观,“不是谨慎乐观,更不是焦虑”。

在全球竞争力前十的国家中,基本都已没有人口红利,但却有人才红利。反观第二大人口国,印度人正担心人口红利变为人口负担,因为没有足够教育资源支撑人口增长,印度文盲率仍有三分之一左右。在进行人口变动与教育资源配置研讨中,鲁昕表示在现阶段我国七八亿的从业人员中,若人才比例占到三四成,完全可以通过人才红利,再获人口红利。

记者了解到,全国高校应届毕业生目前每年达八九百万人,这样的人才规模世界上任何国家都不可比拟。加之今年高职大扩招,高校招生规模将达千万级。由此,高等教育毛入学率预计从48.1%越过50%的大关,即将由高等教育大众化阶段转入普及化阶段。

另一个大关在城市。截至2018年,我国城镇化率达59.58%,各地城镇新增常住人口1790万人,仍处于城镇化率30%到70%之间的快速发展区间。“在我国人口‘低生育、高流动、非均衡’发展和加快上海科创中心建设的背景下,上海作为一个国际大都市,将成为外来人口、国际移民导入和人才集聚的高地,上海区域内部人口空间移动,形成国际社区、外来人口集聚区等非均衡分布,对教育资源的空间布局和优质教育资源的均衡发展带来挑战。”上海市教育委员会副主任轩福贞教授表示,未来学龄人口总量将趋于下降,上海需要制定更具时空节奏的教育资源优化配置战略,将“调结构”的重点转向解决区域教育发展的不平衡不充分问题。

配足配好教育资源,也看财政投入强度。2018财政年度,中国教育经费4.18万亿元,仍保持占GDP4%比重。当然,对比中等发达国家6%的水平,还有一定差距。学经济出身的鲁昕认为,我国这一比例应当至少在5.5%左右,也就是比现在多投约1.5万亿,先超过印度比例,再达到韩国水平。

(来源:上观新闻 作者:徐瑞哲)

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NE China coal producer opens new mines to boost energy supply******

HARBIN, Oct. 20 (Xinhua) -- Longmay Mining Holding Group Co. Ltd, the largest coal producer in northeast China's Heilongjiang Province, started to build four new mines on Wednesday in an effort to meet the rising energy demand, as winter heating season began in the northernmost province.

Sun Chengkun, board chairman of the company, said that the new projects in Jixi, Shuangyashan, Hegang and Qitaihe cities would add more than 4 million tonnes of annual coal production capacity.

Thermal power still takes up a large share of China's energy output, accounting for about 70 percent of its power generation. The heating season has added pressure to the power supply in north China.

The country is making all-out efforts to ensure power supply after power outages halted factory production and hit families in some regions.

The provincial government of Heilongjiang has approved funds worth 200 million yuan (about 31 million U.S. dollars) to assist Longmay in smart mining technical upgrading. Enditem

呼声回应******

  近日,有人拨通华商报24钟头新闻热线029-88880000体现,称西安长安大街三号住宅小区2号楼B模块有一家小宠物生活馆,常常有大型狗出入,猫和狗还总是叫,十分危害别的小区业主歇息。

  华商报向西安碑林区销售市场监督管理局出函资询后,接到回函称,该小宠物生活馆业务范围为宠物服务(没有动物诊治),宠物饲料及用品零售。执法人员已对该店铺责任人开展提醒谈话,规定其依规运营。

  与此同时,长安路市场监管所已将办公室电话告之物业公司及周边小区业主,如发觉涉嫌店面存有市场管理行业违纪行为,可第一时间告之执法人员。

  华商报新闻记者 马群。



来源于:华商网-华商报。

编写:报刊社方方正正。

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